With the new mobile technology, it's time to revolutionize the world as we know it. With all the hype pertaining to 5g and its various application from possible remote surgery, autonomous vehicles, real-time delivery drones, and other various applications made possible by this tech, no doubt the impact of this technology is immense. However, the biggest impact of 5g will be felt behind the scene like inside the factory, warehouses, depots, and industrial plants.
5g will surely usher the next digital transformation for many industries and enterprises around the globe with supporting faster output, lower latency, greater connection stability, and higher density of connection. 5g would in turn make it cost-effective for enterprises to track far more of their properties efficiently and safely than they do today. With all these, the management team can now make more detailed, informed decisions based on real-time data. With this new technology, it will allow a new level of remote control and automation by introducing access to many more devices and tools, allowing all types of equipment to share information in real-time. As a result, in reaction to what is going on around them, ever more autonomous machines will refine their own actions. A connected freight vehicle, for example, could alert a robotic unloading system and a production line exactly when it will arrive, allowing for much greater communication between these supply chain components. For the first time, 5G is equipped to accommodate "massive machine type communications" (both over wide areas and deep indoors), opening up these types of use cases.
More generally, by embracing 'eMBB' (enhanced mobile broadband), 5G would enable mobile operators to meet the increasingly growing demand for mobile data traffic, as people access more and more online multimedia services. But the value that 5G will eventually generate is not limited by the number of individuals and the amount of time they have to access data:5G could connect tens of billions of items to other things over time. The net impact on efficiency and automation will have a seismic effect on the macroeconomy as large quantities of items come online, dramatically increasing GDP
The law of Metcalf states that the value of a network is the square number of connections, so each connection is more "worth" than the last. It is usually used to define the impact of individuals connecting to the telephone network or the Internet, but connected devices would often obey the law of Metcalf, rather than a model of linear rule.
In addition, 5G can produce a step-change in connectivity efficiency as well as connectivity quantity. In addition to providing much more bandwidth than 4G, 5G is planned to enable ultra-reliable low-latency communications ('URLLC'), so that assured connectivity will replace best effort proposals. Network slicing can also be enabled by the latest mobile technologies, allowing operators to devote a 'slice' of their network to a particular application or user segment.
Just creativity limits the possible business use cases for ultra-reliable and low latency connectivity. Engineers would, for example, have fingertip control over maintenance robots, allowing them to track complex repairs using live video feeds and sensor data. In a similar way, connected cameras could track every section of a production line continuously, collecting images that can be examined for any signs of defects or inefficiencies in the process in real-time. When more and more data is collected by these devices, the software can learn why and when faults occur, allowing preventive measures to be taken by the production line. In the public sector, 5G would add similar predictive capabilities, such as street lighting and waste disposal, to the management of transport networks, healthcare systems, and local services.
Of course, none of this will happen overnight: it will take time for 5G to be deployed across Europe, partially because all the requisite spectrum will take years to become usable. The 700MHz spectrum band in the Netherlands is expected to be auctioned early next year, and higher-capacity 5G frequencies (e.g. 3.5 GHz) with true 5G characteristics will only be issued by the end of 2021 or the beginning of 2022.
5G adoption by corporations would initially be selective. The replacement of existing private local area network (LAN) solutions is likely to require early use cases since 5G would boost its capabilities and enhance flexibility and scalability. In certain situations, 5G can interact with 4G and the current business networks, closing the gaps and ensuring that access is still available to handle the flow of knowledge on a scale. Operating on a licensed spectrum, 5G should be able to provide more privacy and protection than Wi-Fi, but at the same time offering a more consistent standard of service.
In certain cases, telecoms providers would supply their 5G connectivity to businesses, which could use this highly capable and scalable technology to enhance their ICT value chain role. But some regulators still seem willing to assign spectrum to companies to allow them to develop their own private 5G networks independently. This alternative is being explored by some companies, such as BMW, Daimler, and Volkswagen in Germany, and Augurre in France.
In short what is 5g and why it matters, 5G is expected to change the way companies operate, largely because businesses can mold this modular technology to suit their particular needs, connecting wired sensors and actuators to anything from small tools to blast furnaces. 5G is planned to put billions of items online and offer new levels of insight and automation, unlike previous generations of mobile technology.
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